Etiology of orthodontic problems


Skeletal problems: Jaw discrepancies (photo 1). Teeth-jaw size discrepancies, large teeth within small jaws lead to crowding (photo 2) Small teeth in large jaws lead to spacing Syndromes with oral manifestations.


Premature loss of deciduous teeth: This can happen due to caries or trauma. This condition can lead to loss of spaces for the eruption of the subsequent permanent teeth and eventually to a severe orthodontic problem.

Deleterious Habits:

Thumb sucking and dummy sucking are natural habits comforting to children and inspiring them a sense of security and warmth. Psychologists say that prolong non nutritive sucking is connected with the emotional absence of the mother. Also, if a mother does not breast feed her child long enough, then the child will find the comfort he/she is looking for sucking of a finger or dummy. However, the mother needs to be aware that if either thumb or soother sucking is prolonged over the age of 2-4 years it may lead to orthodontic problems such as:

  • Openbite (a gap between the upper and lower front teeth)
  • Crossbite (narrowing of the upper jaw)

Openbite results in stuttering at speech, flaring out of upper front teeth while cross bite may result in dental crowding and facial asymmetry.

Start helping your child abandon such habits at the age of 2 years. Never embarrass your child about the habit or compare them with other children. When the child reaches a good level of maturity and he/she is ready to interact with you, then it is the time to put limits in the duration of the use of the dummy and /or replace the comfort from the dummy with the comfort from tangible toys, storytelling and longer presence of the mother at bedtime. In the case of finger sucking keep your child busy with activities that occupy both hands. However, if your child continues thumb and dummy sucking beyond age 4 we may help by placing in his mouth a fixed oral appliance to prevent him from thumb or dummy sucking and help him/her abandon such habit straight away.

Related article: How to curb finger or thumb sucking

Important note:
These appliances are placed when the child consents to their placement and not by force, otherwise the result may be failure.|
Important note:
These appliances are placed when the child consents to their placement and not by force, otherwise the result may be failure.|

Tongue thrusting: Some patients retain the infantile type of swallowing, thrusting their tongue against the upper and lower front teeth creating with this way an openbite.

Mouth breathing:

Enlarged tonsils or adenoids and allergies can cause this condition that leads to severe orthodontic problems.

Related: Mouth Breathing - Airway Obstruction Adenoids

Lip, nails, pen/pencil bitting:

Can cause disruption of the correct alignment of the teeth.

Age one
First visit to the dentist at the latest|
Brushing teeth
Brushing teeth from age one = A treasure for your child's teeth|
No more than 3 sugary snacks per day|
Dummy sucking
Better stop between 2-4 years old|
Thumb sucking
If your child is above 4 years old and is still thumb sucking, then we can help you|
Dental prevention starts from pregnancy|
First tooth
First baby tooth erupts between 6/10 months|
Juices and soft drinks
Frequent consumption of juices and soft drinks can destroy your teeth fast|
Dental decay is the most frequent childhood disease|
Fluoride treatment
Fluoride treatments in the dental office twice a year can decrease dental decay by 40%!|
Sealants can save the molar teeth from dental decay|
Fluoride causes no harm in the correct dose|
Mouth breathing
Chronic mouth breathing can cause serious orthodontic problems|
First exam
First orthodontic exam at age 6-7 years old|
Orthodontic treatment
Orthodontic treatment is for all ages|
Dental phobia can be managed professionally|
Special needs
Children with special needs can find help in our office|